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Brief Introduction to the Enneagram


In reading what follows in these pages, remember that: although we have one of the types as our dominant mode of being, we all at one time of another function as any of the nine types.  Putting it crudely, we have all nine types in us.  Secondly, the dominant enneatype is a formation which is a reaction to the loss of Essence, and so your enneatype is not meant to represent some sort of 'true' self.

Several of the pages were compiled by some unknown enneagram enthusiast maybe ten years back. This person summarised in great detail the works of several enneagram authors. I haven't been able to credit that person, but I make a note on the relevant pages.

- Christopher McLean

CONTENTS of Christopher's Enneagram Pages:


Article by James Fairbanks -  The Enneagram

Kathleen V. Hurley & Theodore E. Dobson, What's My Type?   This is not a test, but the questions here can help give an indication of what type you may be. 


A Buddhist Appreciation Of The Enneagram by Santikaro Bhikkhu

The Diamond Approach to the Holy Ideas  This article by Deane Shank gives a nice summary of the Enneagram from the Perspective of the Holy Ideas -  that is, from the perspective of the realisation of Being, our own true nature.  The article is based on the work of Hameed Ali (See A.H.Almaas in the bibliograpy).


The descriptions in this section are mostly descriptions of the fixations arising in us due to our loss of connection to Being.

Almaas:  Specific Delusions, Specific Difficulties, and Specific Reactions of the Enneatypes in response to the disconnection from Being.

Don Riso - Functions of Types

Naranjo - Structures

Helen Palmer - Preoccupations   Helen Palmer - Work and Love

Margaret Keyes -  Enneatype Shadow Scripts

Renee Baron & Elizabeth Wagele Summaries     Renee Baron & Elizabeth Wagele on Sub-Types


Rev. William Callahan -  Counselling Youth

Riso Affirmations

Helen Palmer on 'What Helps'